No, slightly larger dimensions are required for the larger 10mm/.45 rounds. While most (if not all) 9mm and .40S&W pistols are the same size, that was a result of the similar dimensions of the two rounds. However, the .40S&W is a much hotter load, and early .40s wore out the guns quicker, and it was several years before manufacturers produced pistols specifically designed to handle the higher pressure .40S&W loads.
I'll shut up now.
Delenda Est Carthago